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Wesener, T. (2016). The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies. Bonn zoological Bulletin Supplementum. 63: 1-107.
259830
Wesener, T.
2016
The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies
Bonn zoological Bulletin Supplementum
63: 1-107
Publication
This is the first complete catalogue documenting all species, genera, and higher categories of the giant pill-millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida. It provides a list of all 39 known potential apomorphies of members of the order that could be used as a template for future phylogenetic studies at the ordinal level in the Diplopoda. The catalogue also includes illustrations of key characters of the order, as well as illustrations of the intraordinal variation of the female vulva and male posterior telopods. It further includes a key to all five Sphaerotheriida families, short descriptions for each of the 24 genera and a summary of the state of knowledge of the ecology and development of the giant pill-millipedes. Synonymies for all 24 valid genera are listed in a convenient tabular format. All 351 valid Sphaerotheriida species and their synonyms are listed; 14 remain nomina dubia, while five cannot be placed in any family. For each family, genus and species, bibliographic citations are presented, including all subsequent citations in chronological order. For each species, the number and location of type depositories as well as the locality data from the literature are provided. Bothrobelum sulcatulum (Butler, 1872) is presented as a new combination (ex Zephronia). Lectotypes are designated for Zoosphaerium blandum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1902), Z. globulus & Z. imbecillum (both synonyms of Z. voeltzkowianum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1897)), and Z. piligerum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1897).
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2016-12-30 22:24:44Z
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Borneopoeus Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Castanotherium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Bournellum De Saussure & Zehntner, 1902 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Chinosphaera Attems, 1936 accepted as Prionobelum Verhoeff, 1924 (additional source)
Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Cyliosomella Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Procyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 (additional source)
Epicyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 accepted as Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Eubournellum Attems, 1908 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Globotherium Brölemann, 1922 accepted as Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Heligmasoma Chamberlin, 1921 accepted as Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Indosphaera Attems, 1935 accepted as Indosphaera Attems, 1936 (additional source)
Leptoprotopus Silvestri, 1897 (additional source)
Lissosphaera Attems, 1943 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Lophozephronia Attems, 1936 accepted as Leptotelopus Silvestri, 1897 (additional source)
Luzonosphaera Wang, 1951 accepted as Castanotheroides Chamberlin, 1921 (additional source)
Natalobelum Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Neobournellum Attems, 1908 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Odontosternum Attems, 1943 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Oligaspis Wood, 1865 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Pantitherium Attems, 1932 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Paracyliosoma Verhoeff, 1928 accepted as Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Plethoconium Attems, 1943 accepted as Sphaerotheriida incertae sedis (additional source)
Pulusphaera Attems, 1935 accepted as Castanotherium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Sphaerotheriida (additional source)
Syncyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 accepted as Procyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 (additional source)
Tetraconosoma Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Tonkinobelum Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Trivandrobelum Verhoeff, 1937 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Trochosoma Chamberlin, 1921 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
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