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Wesener, T. (2016). The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies. Bonn zoological Bulletin Supplementum. 63: 1-107.
259830
Wesener, T.
2016
The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies
Bonn zoological Bulletin Supplementum
63: 1-107
Publication
This is the first complete catalogue documenting all species, genera, and higher categories of the giant pill-millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida. It provides a list of all 39 known potential apomorphies of members of the order that could be used as a template for future phylogenetic studies at the ordinal level in the Diplopoda. The catalogue also includes illustrations of key characters of the order, as well as illustrations of the intraordinal variation of the female vulva and male posterior telopods. It further includes a key to all five Sphaerotheriida families, short descriptions for each of the 24 genera and a summary of the state of knowledge of the ecology and development of the giant pill-millipedes. Synonymies for all 24 valid genera are listed in a convenient tabular format. All 351 valid Sphaerotheriida species and their synonyms are listed; 14 remain nomina dubia, while five cannot be placed in any family. For each family, genus and species, bibliographic citations are presented, including all subsequent citations in chronological order. For each species, the number and location of type depositories as well as the locality data from the literature are provided. Bothrobelum sulcatulum (Butler, 1872) is presented as a new combination (ex Zephronia). Lectotypes are designated for Zoosphaerium blandum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1902), Z. globulus & Z. imbecillum (both synonyms of Z. voeltzkowianum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1897)), and Z. piligerum (deSaussure & Zehntner, 1897).
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2016-12-30 22:24:44Z
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Borneopoeus Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Castanotherium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Bothrobelum Verhoeff, 1924 (taxonomy source)
Bothrobelum rugosum Verhoeff, 1924 (taxonomy source)
Bothrobelum sulcatulum (Butler, 1872) (source of synonymy)
Bournellum De Saussure & Zehntner, 1902 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Castanotherium cinctum (Carl, 1906) (taxonomy source)
Castanotherium falcicorne (Tömösvary, 1885) (taxonomy source)
Castanotherium granulatum (Tömösvary, 1885) (taxonomy source)
Castanotherium insigne (Brandt, 1833) (taxonomy source)
Castanotherium lamprongse (Chamberlin, 1945) (taxonomy source)
Castanotherium porosum Pocock, 1895 accepted as Castanotheroides porosum (Pocock, 1895) (additional source)
Castanotherium simplex (Carl, 1909) (taxonomy source)
Chinosphaera Attems, 1936 accepted as Prionobelum Verhoeff, 1924 (additional source)
Chinosphaera maculosa Attems, 1935 accepted as Prionobelum maculosum (Attems, 1935) (additional source)
Cryxus ovalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (taxonomy source)
Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Cyliosomella Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Procyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 (additional source)
Epicyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 accepted as Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Eubournellum Attems, 1908 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Globotherium Brölemann, 1922 accepted as Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Heligmasoma Chamberlin, 1921 accepted as Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Indosphaera Attems, 1935 (additional source)
Indosphaera fontis Attems, 1936 (taxonomy source)
Kophosphaera Attems, 1935 (additional source)
Kophosphaera excavata (Butler, 1874) (taxonomy source)
Kophosphaera excavata mammifera Attems, 1936 accepted as Kophosphaera mammifera Attems, 1936 (additional source)
Kophosphaera mammifera Attems, 1936 (taxonomy source)
Kophosphaera pellita Attems, 1943 accepted as Sphaeropoeus pellitus (Attems, 1943) (taxonomy source)
Kophosphaera politissima Attems, 1936 (taxonomy source)
Kophosphaera uncigera Attems, 1944 accepted as Sphaeropoeus unciger (Attems, 1943) (taxonomy source)
Leptoprotopus Silvestri, 1897 (additional source)
Leptoprotopus gladiator (Pocock, 1894) (taxonomy source)
Leptotelopus Silvestri, 1897 (taxonomy source)
Leptotelopus crepitans (Pocock, 1890) (taxonomy source)
Lissosphaera Attems, 1943 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Lophozephronia Attems, 1936 accepted as Leptotelopus Silvestri, 1897 (additional source)
Luzonosphaera Wang, 1951 accepted as Castanotheroides Chamberlin, 1921 (additional source)
Natalobelum Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Neobournellum Attems, 1908 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Odontosternum Attems, 1943 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Oligaspis Wood, 1865 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Pantitherium Attems, 1932 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Paracyliosoma Verhoeff, 1928 accepted as Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Plethoconium Attems, 1943 accepted as Sphaerotheriida incertae sedis (additional source)
Prionobelum Verhoeff, 1924 (additional source)
Prionobelum durum Verhoeff, 1924 (additional source)
Procyliosoma walesianum (Karsch, 1881) (taxonomy source)
Procyliosoma walesianum (Karsch, 1881) (basis of record)
Pulusphaera Attems, 1935 accepted as Castanotherium Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Sphaerobelum Verhoeff, 1924 (taxonomy source)
Sphaerobelum clavigerum Verhoeff, 1924 (additional source)
Sphaerobelum truncatum Wongthamwanich, 2012 (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Sphaeropoeus cinctus Carl, 1906 accepted as Castanotherium cinctum (Carl, 1906) (additional source)
Sphaeropoeus gisleni Verhoeff, 1939 (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus glabrus (Attems, 1943) (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus pellitus (Attems, 1943) (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus sulcicollis Karsch, 1881 accepted as Castanotherium sulcicollis (Karsch, 1881) (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus sumatrensis (Chamberlin, 1945) (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus tricollis Karsch, 1881 accepted as Castanotherium tricollis (Karsch, 1881) (taxonomy source)
Sphaeropoeus volzi Carl, 1906 accepted as Castanotherium volzi (Carl, 1906) (taxonomy source)
Sphaerotheriida (additional source)
Sphaerotherium titanus Brandt, 1841 (taxonomy source)
Syncyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 accepted as Procyliosoma Silvestri, 1917 (additional source)
Tetraconosoma Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaerotherium Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Tigridosphaera Jeekel, 2000 (additional source)
Tigridosphaera bimaculata (Pocock, 1895) (basis of record)
Tigridosphaera evansi (Sinclair, 1901) (basis of record)
Tigridosphaera globusmagicus (Jeekel, 1951) (basis of record)
Tigridosphaera zonata (Pocock, 1895) (basis of record)
Tonkinobelum Verhoeff, 1924 accepted as Sphaeropoeus Brandt, 1833 (additional source)
Tonkinobelum sumatrense Chamberlin, 1945 accepted as Sphaeropoeus sumatrensis (Chamberlin, 1945) (taxonomy source)
Trivandrobelum Verhoeff, 1937 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Trochosoma Chamberlin, 1921 accepted as Arthrosphaera Pocock, 1895 (additional source)
Zephronia Gray, 1832 (additional source)
Zephronia alticola Attems, 1936 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia alticola bengalica Attems, 1936 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia amythra Attems, 1897 accepted as Castanotherium amythrum (Attems, 1897) (taxonomy source)
Zephronia anthracina Pocock, 1895 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia butleri Olliff, 1882 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia cambodjana Attems, 1953 accepted as Zephronia dawydoffi Attems, 1953 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia clivicola Pocock, 1890 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia feae Pocock, 1890 (additional source)
Zephronia hirsti Jeekel, 2001 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia ignobilis Butler, 1872 accepted as Castanotherium ignobile (Butler, 1872) (taxonomy source)
Zephronia innominata Newport, 1844 accepted as Castanotherium innominatum (Butler, 1872) (taxonomy source)
Zephronia montana Karsch, 1881 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia nepalensis Wesener, 2015 (taxonomy source)
Zephronia sulcatula Butler, 1872 accepted as Bothrobelum sulcatulum (Butler, 1872) (source of synonymy)
Zephronia tivia Chamberlin, 1945 accepted as Castanotherium tivium (Chamberlin, 1945) (taxonomy source)
Zephronia tumida Butler, 1882 (taxonomy source)
Zephroniidae Gray in Jones, 1843 (taxonomy source)
Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895 (taxonomy source)
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